Tuesday, June 19, 2012

PHP Array Functions


array_chunk() Definition and Usage
The array_chunk() function splits an array into chunks of new arrays. Syntax
array_chunk(array,size,preserve_key)
Parameter Description
array Required. Specifies the array to use
size Required. Specifies how many elements each new array will contain
preserve_key Optional. Possible values:
  • true - Preserves the keys from the original array.
  • false - Default. Does not preserve the keys from the original array.

Example 1

<?php
$a=array("a"=>"Cat","b"=>"Dog","c"=>"Horse","d"=>"Cow");
print_r(array_chunk($a,2));
?>

The output of the code above will be:

Array (
[0] => Array ( [a] => Cat [b] => Dog )
[1] => Array ( [c] => Horse [d] => Cow )
)

Example 2

<?php
$a=array("a"=>"Cat","b"=>"Dog","c"=>"Horse","d"=>"Cow");
print_r(array_chunk($a,2,true));
?>

The output of the code above will be:

Array (
[0] => Array ( [a] => Cat [b] => Dog )
[1] => Array ( [c] => Horse [d] => Cow )
)
Function Description PHP
array() Creates an array 3
array_change_key_case() Returns an array with all keys in lowercase or uppercase 4
array_chunk() Splits an array into chunks of arrays 4
array_combine() Creates an array by using one array for keys and another for its values 5
array_count_values() Returns an array with the number of occurrences for each value 4
array_diff() Compares array values, and returns the differences 4
array_diff_assoc() Compares array keys and values, and returns the differences 4
array_diff_key() Compares array keys, and returns the differences 5
array_diff_uassoc() Compares array keys and values, with an additional user-made function check, and returns the differences 5
array_diff_ukey() Compares array keys, with an additional user-made function check, and returns the differences 5
array_fill() Fills an array with values 4
array_filter() Filters elements of an array using a user-made function 4
array_flip() Exchanges all keys with their associated values in an array 4
array_intersect() Compares array values, and returns the matches 4
array_intersect_assoc() Compares array keys and values, and returns the matches 4
array_intersect_key() Compares array keys, and returns the matches 5
array_intersect_uassoc() Compares array keys and values, with an additional user-made function check, and returns the matches 5
array_intersect_ukey() Compares array keys, with an additional user-made function check, and returns the matches 5
array_key_exists() Checks if the specified key exists in the array 4
array_keys() Returns all the keys of an array 4
array_map() Sends each value of an array to a user-made function, which returns new values 4
array_merge() Merges one or more arrays into one array 4
array_merge_recursive() Merges one or more arrays into one array 4
array_multisort() Sorts multiple or multi-dimensional arrays 4
array_pad() Inserts a specified number of items, with a specified value, to an array 4
array_pop() Deletes the last element of an array 4
array_product() Calculates the product of the values in an array 5
array_push() Inserts one or more elements to the end of an array 4
array_rand() Returns one or more random keys from an array 4
array_reduce() Returns an array as a string, using a user-defined function 4
array_reverse() Returns an array in the reverse order 4
array_search() Searches an array for a given value and returns the key 4
array_shift() Removes the first element from an array, and returns the value of the removed element 4
array_slice() Returns selected parts of an array 4
array_splice() Removes and replaces specified elements of an array 4
array_sum() Returns the sum of the values in an array 4
array_udiff() Compares array values in a user-made function and returns an array 5
array_udiff_assoc() Compares array keys, and compares array values in a user-made function, and returns an array 5
array_udiff_uassoc() Compares array keys and array values in user-made functions, and returns an array 5
array_uintersect() Compares array values in a user-made function and returns an array 5
array_uintersect_assoc() Compares array keys, and compares array values in a user-made function, and returns an array 5
array_uintersect_uassoc() Compares array keys and array values in user-made functions, and returns an array 5
array_unique() Removes duplicate values from an array 4
array_unshift() Adds one or more elements to the beginning of an array 4
array_values() Returns all the values of an array 4
array_walk() Applies a user function to every member of an array 3
array_walk_recursive() Applies a user function recursively to every member of an array 5
arsort() Sorts an array in reverse order and maintain index association 3
asort() Sorts an array and maintain index association 3
compact() Create array containing variables and their values 4
count() Counts elements in an array, or properties in an object 3
current() Returns the current element in an array 3
each() Returns the current key and value pair from an array 3
end() Sets the internal pointer of an array to its last element 3
extract() Imports variables into the current symbol table from an array 3
in_array() Checks if a specified value exists in an array 4
key() Fetches a key from an array 3
krsort() Sorts an array by key in reverse order 3
ksort() Sorts an array by key 3
list() Assigns variables as if they were an array 3
natcasesort() Sorts an array using a case insensitive "natural order" algorithm 4
natsort() Sorts an array using a "natural order" algorithm 4
next() Advance the internal array pointer of an array 3
pos() Alias of current() 3
prev() Rewinds the internal array pointer 3
range() Creates an array containing a range of elements 3
reset() Sets the internal pointer of an array to its first element 3
rsort() Sorts an array in reverse order 3
shuffle() Shuffles an array 3
sizeof() Alias of count() 3
sort() Sorts an array 3
uasort() Sorts an array with a user-defined function and maintain index association 3
uksort() Sorts an array by keys using a user-defined function 3
usort() Sorts an array by values using a user-defined function 3

PHP Array Constants

Constant Description PHP
CASE_LOWER Used with array_change_key_case() to convert array keys to lower case  
CASE_UPPER Used with array_change_key_case() to convert array keys to upper case  
SORT_ASC Used with array_multisort() to sort in ascending order  
SORT_DESC Used with array_multisort() to sort in descending order  
SORT_REGULAR Used to compare items normally  
SORT_NUMERIC Used to compare items numerically  
SORT_STRING Used to compare items as strings  
SORT_LOCALE_STRING Used to compare items as strings, based on the current locale 4
COUNT_NORMAL    
COUNT_RECURSIVE    
EXTR_OVERWRITE    
EXTR_SKIP    
EXTR_PREFIX_SAME    
EXTR_PREFIX_ALL    
EXTR_PREFIX_INVALID    
EXTR_PREFIX_IF_EXISTS    
EXTR_IF_EXISTS    
EXTR_REFS    

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